Homeless people who sleep or beg in the streets can be fined £100 by the local council under regulations passed as recently as 2014.
The offenders can be served with a PSPO
(Public Space Protection Order) because of course it is a crime and a nuisance to be homeless or to beg. Unless of course you come from a distant foreign country in which case you are a "refugee" or "asylum-seeker" and entitled to generous state benefits, and free housing in a hotel with three meals per day and a free mobile phone.
Most of the people begging in Oxford are begging for the money to stay in a night shelter, but even those are over-crowded and in this freezing weather there are still people sleeping rough. I wonder how this young man I photographed recently in Oxford would pay the £100? Presumably he has to beg in order to pay the fines for begging.